Patient Information / Education

Maternal Disease / Conditions

Listed below are the more common diseases or conditions that women may have when they become pregnant. We have listed under each type of diseases websites that will provide some basic information concerning that particular condition and issues that may arise during the pregnancy. Please note that we have reviewed the information contained within the websites and it appears to be accurate to our best determination. We are not responsible and have no input into the actual content or changes made to the referenced websites. In the future we will be updating our own website to summarize our own specific management considerations associated with the diseases listed.

Diabetes in pregnancy

Pre-existing diabetes (you were diabetic before you became pregnant)

Diabetes and pregnancy

Gestational Diabetes (developing diabetes during your pregnancy)

Planning for pregnancy if your diabetic

Hypertension in pregnancy

High blood pressure in pregnancy- an overview

More Information on High Blood Pressure During Pregnancy

Chronic hypertension during pregnancy

Pre-eclampsia: concerns and management during pregnancy

Enviromental/Illegal Drug Exposures in Pregnancy

Medication Use In Pregnancy

Smoking, alcohol, drugs during pregnancy- an overview

Drinking alcohol during pregnancy

Smoking during pregnancy

Cocaine use in pregnancy (PDF)

Amphetamine (e.g. Speed) use in pregnancy (PDF)

Marijuana use in pregnancy (PDF)

Maternal Infection

5th Disease (Parvovirus) in Pregnancy

CMV (Cytomegalovirus)

Toxoplasmosis

Genital Herpes

Fetal Concerns/Abnormalties

Congenital heart defects:

Normal cardiac anatomy

Ventricular septal defect (VSD) (“hole in the heart”)

Atrial Septal defects (ASD)

Tetralogy of Fallot

Hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS)

Coarctation of the aorta

Transposition of Great Vessels

Atrioventricular canal defect (AC canal defect)

Ebstein’s anomaly

Congenital kidney defects

Hydronephrosis

Brain and Spine Abnormalities

Spina Bifida

Congenital scoliosis

Abnormal fluid in the brain (ventriculomegaly)

Abnormally developed skull (anencephaly)

Fetal Growth Problems

My baby is measuring small (intrauterine growth restriction)

My baby is measuring large

Abnormalities of amniotic fluid

Fluid around the baby is low (oligohydramnios)

Fluid around the baby is increased (polyhydramnios)

Otber Types of Birth Defects

Clubfoot

Cleft lip/palate (facial deformity involving the lips or roof of the mouth)

Diaphragmatic Hernia

Cerebral Palsy

Genetics and Your Pregnancy

Genetics Overview

Reasons to consider visiting with our genetic counselors

Genetic Screening

First Trimester Screen for Down Syndrome

Second Trimester (after 14 weeks gestation) Screening for Down Syndrome

Ultrasound markers for a genetic problem

Ultrasound markers (also called minor markers or soft markers) are findings in the baby that may occur during your ultrasound at 20 weeks of pregnancy. The following are the most common markers that have been studied concerning their connection to a genetic abnormality like Down Syndrome. Please note that NONE of the markers listed are a definite indication of Down Syndrome but can increase the risk for Down Syndrome. This can be further explained with our genetic counselors or doctors.
Minor ultrasound markers for Down Syndrome

Chromosome Problems

Carrier screening for inherited disorders - Depending on your ethnic or racial background, there may be an increased risk for a genetic abnormality or condition with your pregnancy. Listed below are links to the more common abnormalities that can occur. Remember that an increased risk does NOT mean that your baby will have a problem. However, some couples may want to know the risk so that they may have further testing performed either during the pregnancy or after the baby is born. Our genetic counselors are available to discuss these and other inherited genetic conditions

Genetic Testing

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